Diabetes in North India

 Diabetes North India

  • Studies from North India reveal a lower prevalence of diabetes,1-3 compared with the southern parts of the country.4 5, 6 The lowest prevalence among urban populations is in Kashmir7 and the highest in Chennai 8 4  and Trivandrum.9 10 However, as these studies were performed using different criteria and methodology the results may not be comparable but are indicative of a rising tide of diabetes nationwide.
  • The Indian Industrial Populations Study Group reported prevalence of diabetes in nine urban industrial locations. Age-adjusted prevalence of diabetes was 8% in men and 9% in women with wide variation among the cities (Figure 045).3


1. Misra A, Pandey RM, Devi JR, Sharma R, Vikram NK, Khanna N. High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. Nov 2001;25(11):1722-1729.

2. Gupta A, Gupta R, Sarna M, Rastogi S, Gupta VP, Kothari K. Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose and insulin resistance syndrome in an urban Indian population. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. Jul 2003;61(1):69-76.

3. Reddy KS, Prabhakaran D, Chaturvedi V, et al. Methods for establishing a surveillance system for cardiovascular diseases in Indian industrial populations. Bull World Health Organ. Jun 2006;84(6):461-469.

4. Ramachandran  A. Epidemiology of Diabetes in India In: Mohan V, Rao G, eds. Type 2 Diabetes in South Asians: Epidemiology risk factors and prevention. New Delhi: JAYPEE; 2007.

5. Mohan V, Deepa M, Anjana RM, Lanthorn H, Deepa R. Incidence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in a selected urban south Indian population (CUPS-19). J Assoc Physicians India. Mar 2008;56:152-157.

6. Prabhakaran D, Shah P, Chaturvedi V, Ramakrishnan L, Manhapra A, Reddy KS. Cardiovascular risk factor prevalence among men in a large industry of northern India. Natl Med J India. Mar-Apr 2005;18(2):59-65.

7. Zargar AH, Khan AK, Masoodi SR, et al. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance in the Kashmir Valley of the Indian subcontinent. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. Feb 2000;47(2):135-146.

8. Mohan V., Venkatraman JV, Pradeepa R. Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes: the Indian scenario. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2010;4(1):158-170.

9. Kutty VR, Soman CR, Joseph A, Pisharody R, Vijayakumar K. Type 2 diabetes in southern Kerala: variation in prevalence among geographic divisions within a region. Natl Med J India. 2000;13(6):287-292.

10. Joseph A, Kutty VR, Soman CR. High risk for coronary heart disease in Thiruvananthapuram City: A study of serum lipids and other risk factors. Indian heart journal. 2000;52(1):29-35.

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